Saturday, 12 October 2013

Teaching and Learning

I’ve had a long, diverse and, overall, successful career in education.  I believe I made a positive difference at particular times and in particular circumstances – although there were also times where I was less effective and/or where circumstances meant I was banging my head against several bricks in the wall!  However, I actually only taught for 9 years.  I’m sure there are many teachers who will feel that wasn’t enough to then go on and be in influential decision-making roles in local and national government.  I have some sympathy with that view (although I have experienced excellent leaders in education with even less or no such experience), so I thought it important early on in these reflective blogs to look back at me as a teacher.

I was a good teacher but not a great teacher.  I taught some great lessons and was particularly good at stretching bright kids and inspiring some kids who lacked motivation and were frankly bored by much of what happened in school.  However,  I wasn’t very good with kids with really challenging behaviour and I didn’t always know my subject as  thoroughly as I (or Mr Gove!) would have liked – this was particularly true of the history I taught where my knowledge of  dates  and key events is often hazy and was mugged up the night before ( Janice and I often refer to ourselves as ‘conceptual historians’ – we preferred to look at why something happened, how it changed people’s lives or how an event could be interpreted differently depending which side you were on – but maybe that was just an excuse for not knowing the date it happened!).  If the Ofsted of today had been in my lessons of 30+ years ago they’d have been critical of the limited differentiation and whilst some kids were making progress not all were and these kids often didn’t know what they needed to do to make that progress.  (Robert Hill in a recent blog noted how 20 years after the seminal work on assessment for learning, it is still a seriously underdeveloped skill in schools*).  I will also confess that there were times when I gave whole classes low level tasks just to keep them under a semblance of control. The other rather shocking thing, looking back, is that I had no training!! I entered teaching in what I believe was the last year where you could do this straight from a subject degree (in my case also a masters) without any teacher training or PGCE.  Unsurprisingly I had a lot to learn and made a lot of mistakes early on.

However, I was interested in how kids learn.  My experience then was that a number of secondary teachers wanted to teach their subject and paid less attention to the overall learning experience for the kids.  I later learnt that primary teachers were far more focused on the learning process.  (I was very proud recently when my daughter Jessie, who is training to be a primary teacher through Schools Direct, said she wasn’t particularly interested in teaching drama  - the subject of her degree - but rather in teaching children –including how to use drama to help children learn.)  I wanted to find ways to motivate young learners to want to learn.  I believed then and still do now that good teaching is about finding the approach that sparks that interest and providing the experiences which could lead directly, or via reflection, to new and powerful learning – we called it active and experiential learning then.   So I tried a range of strategies such as role play, paired and group work activities, hands on use of artefacts, educational visits, etc.  Also I got involved in real curriculum development (this was pre-National Curriculum where there was more scope for this), particularly in humanities, where we developed thematic programmes based around current events and areas relevant to the lives of our students with the aim of developing active citizens who understood history, geography and politics in context.

I also wanted to learn more myself.  So I went on courses, I volunteered to lead projects, I sought out opportunities to play a wider role in the school , I changed schools and I got promoted quickly to head of department (the journey was more complex than this because in the middle I did a PhD – more of that another time perhaps).   It was those things that brought me to the attention of the LEA adviser – by now I was teaching in Kirklees, West Yorkshire - and I was encouraged to apply for a job with the team. 

My career from then was outside the classroom.  I spent a great deal of time in schools and in classrooms but not primarily as a teacher.   Looking back I think this was wrong but the system worked that way.  To put it crudely, if you were seen as successful or innovative or ambitious (or all 3) and you were lucky/good enough to secure a post, then you were moved out of the classroom to be an advisory teacher or adviser.  Then, the most successful and ambitious of them went on to be chief advisers, assistant directors and, for a few of us, Directors of Education.  Later I became Chief Executive of the National Strategies – the national programme for raising standards in literacy and numeracy (as well as improving behaviour & attendance, assessment for learning, science, etc.). There I encountered other professionals who had been encouraged out of schools and out of LEAs because they had real expertise in the classroom and were now to develop this in others, getting further and further from the classroom in the process.

Of course another career path was into senior school management.  This had some similarities in providing a career path which took teachers further away from teaching and sometimes into management roles for which they had little training or expertise.  Although I should say that in my experience good senior leaders and headteachers never lost touch with the classroom - more of that in a future blog on school leadership.

Meanwhile, there were (and are) many really good teachers who simply wanted to carry on teaching and get better at that for themselves and their students.  I’ve met many amazing long-serving teachers who inspired and empowered generations of students. Until recently (and possible still) the career structure never really rewarded these people. 

So now, as I look back on my period as a teacher from the perspective of someone who ended up being a system leader, I think ‘if only I’d known then what I know now’   I learnt so much more about teaching and learning as I moved up through the system but I never had a chance to put into practice myself.  That suggests there is something wrong with the system and I’m pleased to say there are some signs of this changing.  In one of my last contributions to education I worked for the National College for School Leaders to help implement the Teaching Schools programme.  For those who don’t know about this it is similar to the idea of teaching hospitals but in the school sector.  Up to 500 schools are being designated as ‘Teaching Schools’ because they have demonstrated their excellence in teaching and learning.  They are then being used, in school partnerships, to support other schools and to provide in-service and initial teacher training.  There are inevitably some teething problems with this programme but, in principle at least, it provides the chance for excellent practitioners to help to support other schools and teachers whilst continuing to develop their own practice in the classroom and in schools. I certainly hope it proves a success.

So , these are a few reflections on my teaching and the system of which it was  a part.
I'd be interested to know if this strikes any chords, provokes any reactions/disagreements or generates any ideas  for how to improve things for future teachers and, most importantly, learners.


Saturday, 5 October 2013

Why blog? Well, life is all about learning.

This is my first blog.  It feels a strange experience.  I’ve been saying I’d have a go at blogging for a while.  My wife, Janice, blogs regularly and has clocked up over 100 blogs, has had over 30,000 viewings and has over 50 regular followers many of whom also blog.  Janice has been seriously ill this last year and her blogging community has been such a fantastic support network.  (I’m pleased to say she is now doing well and I’m sure that is in part due to the support she has found around her, not least her fellow bloggers).

So why have I found it so hard to get down to it?  I think it is partly because I’m not sure who I am blogging for/to (friends, relations, former colleagues, educationalists , a more generalised audience, the blogasphere?) , quite what to blog about (lots of ideas which started with reflections on my career in education and some of the lessons I’ve learnt but then why not wider experiences and topics) and what style to adopt (academic , polemical, serious reportage, ‘amusing’ reflections, honest autobiography…)  .  Nor was I really clear why I would be doing this – and one of the lessons from work and wider life has been that’s its best to know why you are doing something and what you are trying to achieve before you start, even if the purpose later changes (a possible blog in itself!). 

In the end a good friend, Diane, gave me some advice – blog for yourself, write what seems interesting/amusing/important to you at the time and just have a go and see what comes out.  Pretty straightforward really (as usual, thanks Diane).   If I enjoy doing it then I’ll want to do more.  If other people enjoy reading it that’s a bonus but writing for myself is a perfectly valid activity.  Actually I think it’s more than that, I think it’s an important part of the learning experience. 

When I worked in Blackburn with Darwen I had the privilege of leading a fantastic team to set up a brand new education authority.  We had a couple of what I have always thought were rather good mission statements (to put a grand title on it) or (more prosaically) mottos/slogans – a phrase that summed up what we were about.  (Sometimes these phrases seem trite and meaningless but I can only say I am confident it worked for us as a simple way of letting people know what we stood for and often bringing them on board with the venture).  One was ‘aiming high, including all’ which encapsulated the need to have the highest expectations of all our learners, our schools and ourselves and to strive to make sure no one was left out, particularly those with the greatest disadvantages and challenges.  The other one, developed by David and his team in our lifelong learning area, was simply ‘life is all about learning’ and encouraged all those we worked with and for us to see learning as a continuous, rewarding and enjoyable experience.   So if that’s true then maybe one of the tools for continuing to do that is through blogging.  We all – and I do mean all – have a fantastic accumulation of learning experiences from our lives – things that worked well, things that didn’t , serendipitous episodes , light-bulb moments…   Surely we should try to capture these and then share them as best we can.  Whenever possible of course this should be face to face but I do think we can also do this by blogging (and other forms of social media). And maybe the art of blogging brings a different dimension – reflecting and capturing on our own, then sharing, commenting and developing our thinking across a virtual community. 

So this is the beginning of my attempt to do this – to capture for myself some of the key learning experiences from my life to date, focusing mainly on my work as an educationalist but if the fancy takes me branching out into other areas.  And this is primarily for me, a chance to reflect and to capture some of this learning. However, it may be that these blogs are of interest to others – friends, those I have worked with and complete strangers.  And if that creates a dialogue around any of these experiences or links in with others’ reflections, then so much the better as it will build on that learning and perhaps create a new learning community, or link with an existing one. Creating a learning community sounds rather grand and writing for myself sounds rather self-indulgent, but somewhere between the two I think there is enough of a purpose, at least for now for me.   

I asked Janice why she blogged and what she got out of it.  She said it is the closest she’ll ever get to writing a book and what she loves is the network of people that she has become part of who are simply interested in and care about each other.   Now that will do for me as well.  It would be interesting to hear about other reasons that people blog.   

So, this is my first go and I’ll need another one soon because I can’t simply blog about blogging – or can I?